Fairness in machine learning: a study of the Demographic Parity constraint

Orateur : Nicolas Schreuder
21 Mars 2024 à 14:00 ; lieu : Salle de séminaire 4B125 (bâtiment Copernic)

In various domains, statistical algorithms trained on personal data take pivotal decisions which influence our lives on a daily basis. Recent studies show that a naive use of these algorithms in sensitive domains may lead to unfair and discriminating decisions, often inheriting or even amplifying biases present in data. In the first part of the talk, I will introduce and discuss the question of fairness in machine learning through concrete examples of biases coming from the data and/or from the algorithms. In a second part, I will demonstrate how statistical learning theory can help us better understand and overcome some of those biases. In particular, I will present a selection of recent results from two of my papers on the Demographic Parity constraint. In particular I will present an interesting link between fairness and optimal transport.

– A minimax framework for quantifying risk-fairness trade-off in regression (with E. Chzhen), Ann. Statist. 50(4): 2416-2442 (Aug. 2022). DOI: 10.1214/22-AOS2198;
– Fairlearning with Wassersteinbarycenters for non-decomposable performance measures (with S. Gaucher and E. Chzhen), AISTATS 2023.


Salle de séminaire 4B125 (bâtiment Copernic)

5 Boulevard Descartes 77420 Champs-sur-Marne